Contents 1 New Zealand 2 Sri Lanka 3 United States 3.1 Institutional titles 4 See also 5 References

New Zealand[edit] Main article: Court of Appeal of New Zealand The Court of Appeal of New Zealand, located in Wellington, is New Zealand's principal intermediate appellate court.[5] In practice, most appeals are resolved at this intermediate appellate level, rather than in the Supreme Court.[6]

Sri Lanka[edit] Main article: Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka The Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka, located in Colombo, is the second senior court in the Sri Lankan legal system.

United States[edit] Main articles: United States Supreme Court and United States courts of appeals In the United States, both state and federal appellate courts are usually restricted to examining whether the lower court made the correct legal determinations, rather than hearing direct evidence and determining what the facts of the case were.[7] Furthermore, U.S. appellate courts are usually restricted to hearing appeals based on matters that were originally brought up before the trial court. Hence, such an appellate court will not consider an appellant's argument if it is based on a theory that is raised for the first time in the appeal.[8] In most U.S. states, and in U.S. federal courts, parties before the court are allowed one appeal as of right. This means that a party who is unsatisfied with the outcome of a trial may bring an appeal to contest that outcome. However, appeals may be costly, and the appellate court must find an error on the part of the court below that justifies upsetting the verdict. Therefore, only a small proportion of trial court decisions result in appeals. Some appellate courts, particularly supreme courts, have the power of discretionary review, meaning that they can decide whether they will hear an appeal brought in a particular case. Institutional titles[edit] Many U.S. jurisdictions title their appellate court an court of appeal or court of appeals.[9] Historically, others have titled their appellate court a court of errors (or court of errors and appeals), on the premise that it was intended to correct errors made by lower courts. Examples of such courts include the New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals (which existed from 1844 to 1947), the Connecticut Supreme Court of Errors (which has been renamed the Connecticut Supreme Court), the Kentucky Court of Errors (renamed the Kentucky Supreme Court), and the Mississippi High Court of Errors and Appeals (since renamed the Supreme Court of Mississippi). In some jurisdictions, courts able to hear appeals are known as a appellate division. The phrase "court of appeals" most often refers to intermediate appellate courts. However, the New York system is different: the "New York Court of Appeals" is the highest appellate court; the phrase "New York Supreme Court" applies to the trial court of general jurisdiction. Depending on the system, certain courts may serve as both trial courts and appellate courts, hearing appeals of decisions made by courts with more limited jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions have specialized appellate courts, such as the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, which only hears appeals raised in criminal cases, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, which has general jurisdiction but derives most of its caseload from patent cases, on one hand, and appeals from the Court of Federal Claims on the other.

See also[edit] Court of Criminal Appeal (disambiguation) Court of Criminal Appeals (disambiguation) Court of Appeal (Hong Kong) High Court (Hong Kong) Court of Appeal (England and Wales)

References[edit] ^ "Court of appeals". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-08.  ^ "Supreme Court". Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 11th Edition. Retrieved October 26, 2012 from  ^ "A Guide to Illinois Civil Appellate Procedure" (PDF). Appellate Lawyers Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 9, 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.  ^ State v. Randolph, 210 N.J. 330, 350 n.5 (2012), citing Mandel, New Jersey Appellate Practice (Gann Law Books 2012), chapter 28:2 ^ "Court of Appeal". Retrieved 7 August 2014.  ^ "The history of the court system". Retrieved 7 August 2014.  ^ "Court Role and Structure". United States Courts. Retrieved 7 July 2015.  ^ "How Courts Work | Public Education". Retrieved 2016-06-23.  ^ The term court of appeals is not capitalized in carefully edited texts such as reference works, for example West's Encyclopedia of American Law unless referring to a specific court or courts, but many legal professionals do not comply with this most common English usage shown in major dictionaries but rather capitalize this and many other legal texts. Lax, Jeffrey R. "Constructing Legal Rules on Appellate Courts." American Political Science Review 101.3 (2007): 591-604. Sociological Abstracts; Worldwide Political Science Abstracts. Web. 29 May 2012. Retrieved from "" Categories: Courts by typeAppellate courtsHidden categories: Use mdy dates from June 2013Articles needing additional references from March 2008All articles needing additional referencesArticles with limited geographic scope from September 2010Articles with multiple maintenance issues

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