Contents 1 Early life 2 Starting exhibition 3 Pantages Theatre Circuit 4 Entering Movieland 5 Rape trial 6 Post-trial years 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] There is dispute about his year of birth, but it is likely that he was born in 1867[1] on the island of Andros, Greece. It is suggested that he was born "Pericles" Pantages but changed it to "Alexander" when he heard about Alexander the Great.[2] In a personal correspondence between Rodney Pantages, son of Alexander, and Arthur Dean Tarrach, Pantages' biographer, this claim is denied.[3] At the age of nine he ran away while with his father on a business trip in Cairo, Egypt. He then went to sea and spent the next two years working as a deck hand. He arrived in the United States in the early 1880s. His ties to his homeland seem mercurial; he never set foot on Greece again although he did assist his relatives financially and even brought his brother, Nicholas, to live in the United States. He used to call himself "King Greek", perhaps in emulation of Louis B. Mayer's "Super Jew".[4] After having been at sea for two years he disembarked in Panama and spent some time there helping the French to dig the Panama Canal, but after contracting malaria he was warned by a doctor to move to cooler climates. He headed north, stopping briefly in Seattle but eventually settling in San Francisco where he worked as a waiter and also, briefly and unsuccessfully, as a boxer. He left San Francisco in 1897, and made his way to Canada's Yukon Territory during the Klondike Gold Rush, ending up in the mining boom-town of Dawson City. In his time in the bitter cold of Dawson City, he worked as a waiter and janitor, but always restless and allergic to manual labor, he became business partner (and lover) to the saloon dancer and brothel-keeper 'Kitty' Rockwell, operating a small, but successful vaudeville and burlesque theatre, the Orpheum.[citation needed]

Starting exhibition[edit] Pantages House in Seattle, built 1907, now a city landmark. In 1902, Pantages left Dawson and moved to Seattle, Washington, where he opened the Crystal Theater, a short-form vaudeville and motion picture house of his own. He ran the operation almost entirely by himself, and charged 10 cents admission.[5] This took place a few months after Rockwell had opened up a small storefront movie theater in Vancouver, and later built a theater there in 1907 that stood until 2011, and another in 1914.[6] That same year, he married a musician named Lois Mendenhall (c.1870–1941).[7] 'Kitty' Rockwell filed a breach-of-promise-to-marry lawsuit against him as 'Klondike Kate' that was settled out of court; she later wrote that he had stolen from her the money with which he purchased the Crystal. It would be more than two decades before they saw each other again.[citation needed] In 1904, Pantages opened a second Seattle theatre, the Pantages; in 1906 he added a stock theater, the Lois, named after his wife.[5] By 1920, he owned more than 30 vaudeville theatres and controlled, through management contracts, perhaps 60 more,[citation needed] in both the United States and Canada. These theatres formed the "Pantages Circuit", a chain of theatres into which he could book and rotate touring acts on long-term contracts. In Seattle Pantages competed with another impresario, John Considine. Their competition included such clandestine methods as stealing acts from each other and committing various forms of sabotage. This competition lasted for several decades and was one of the defining features of the vaudeville circuit of the times.[citation needed]

Pantages Theatre Circuit[edit] His theatres were elegant and efficiently operated.[citation needed] He showcased both film and live vaudeville to his audiences. Despite initial refusal to allow African-Americans into his theatres he eventually yielded after being successfully sued by an African-American who had been refused entry into a Pantages theater in Spokane, Washington.[8] The starting point of the Pantages Circuit was the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba, where Pantages built the Pantages Playhouse in 1914. All Pantages tours originated in Winnipeg and moved from there around the circuit of theatres. While the majority of the theatres were owned by others and managed by Pantages, he became, from 1911 on, a builder of theatres all over the western U.S. and Canada. His favoured architect in these ventures was B. Marcus Priteca (1881–1971), of Seattle, who regularly worked with muralist Anthony Heinsbergen. Priteca devised an exotic, neo-classical style that his employer called "Pantages Greek".[citation needed] Pantages often sought out and judged performers personally instead of relying on New York agents like many of his competitors did.[citation needed] A ruthless but intensely hard-working businessman, Pantages invested his theatrical profits into new outlets and eventually moved to Los Angeles. His showcase theatre at 7th and Hill Street in downtown L.A. also housed his offices.

Entering Movieland[edit] Around 1920, Pantages entered into partnership with the motion picture distributor Famous Players, a subsidiary of film producer Paramount Pictures, and further expanded his "combo" houses, designed to exhibit films as well as staging live vaudeville, to new sites in western U.S. Throughout the 1920s, the Pantages Circuit dominated the vaudeville and motion picture market in North America west of the Mississippi River.[citation needed] Pantages was effectively blocked from expansion into the eastern market by New York-based Keith-Albee-Orpheum (KAO). In the late 1920s, with the looming advent of talking pictures, David Sarnoff, the principal of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), which held a number of patents in film/sound technology, established the film production company Radio Pictures in which Joseph P. Kennedy held an option and a managing interest moved to acquire control of the KAO theatres through quiet purchases of the company's stock. In 1927, Kennedy and Sarnoff were successful in gaining control of KAO, and, in 1928, changed the name of the company to Radio Keith Orpheum (RKO). They then approached Alexander Pantages with an offer to purchase his entire chain. Pantages rejected the offer.

Rape trial[edit] In the midst of the Wall Street Crash of 1929, Alexander Pantages was arrested and charged with the rape of 17-year-old, California-born Eunice Pringle. Pringle, an aspiring vaudeville dancer, alleged that Pantages had attacked her in a small side-office of his downtown theater after she came to see him to discuss her audition. Newspaper coverage of the trial, particularly by William Randolph Hearst's Los Angeles Examiner, was strongly antagonistic towards the Greek-accented Pantages while portraying Pringle as the innocent victim. In countless stories in the Examiner from the moment the case broke in the newspaper on Saturday, August 10, 1929, until the end of the trial, Pantages was portrayed as variously alone, aloof, cold, emotionless, effete, and 'European', while the native Pringle was victimized through portraits with her family, emotional outbursts in court and lengthy interviews in the press and always with a sense of decorum and empathy. Pantages granted no interviews during the trial.[9] He did, however, run into Kate Rockwell in the hallway outside the court one day, and they briefly exchanged greetings. She had been brought by the prosecution to court to testify against him, which she never did. It surprised few that on October 27, 1929 Pantages was convicted and sentenced to 50 years in prison, despite his claim that he was "set up". The verdict came as a surprise to Pantages, who had hired very expensive New York lawyers to defend him, and was subsequently jailed for several months. Despite the verdict against him, Pantages was successful in fending off a civil suit brought against him by Pringle. Pantages then engaged attorney Jerry Giesler (later to become famous as a divorce lawyer) and San Francisco lawyer Jake Ehrlich, to file an appeal on his behalf. Geisler successfully petitioned for a new trial with the California Supreme Court, basing his argument on the original trial judge's exclusion of testimony relating to Eunice Pringle's moral character.[10] Pantages was acquitted in the second trial in 1931, after Geisler portrayed Pringle as a woman of low morals; he also demonstrated how impractical a rape would have been in Pantages' broom closet, and asked the court why the athletic, acrobatic Pringle – if the rape allegations were true – did not fight off the 5' 6.5," 126 lbs., 62-year-old Pantages.[11] The jury agreed and dismissed the case.

Post-trial years[edit] Although Pantages was acquitted, the trials ruined him financially. He sold the theatre chain to RKO for a lower sum than that originally offered – far less than what his "Pantages Greek" vaudeville palaces had cost him to build – and went into retirement.[citation needed] He owned and raced horses. Pantages died in 1936 and was interred in the Great Mausoleum, Sanctuary of Benediction, at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California. The rumour, begun at the second trial, that RKO and Kennedy paid Eunice Pringle to frame Alexander Pantages, was revived in Ronald Kessler's biography of Joseph Kennedy "The Sins of the Father: Joseph P. Kennedy and the Dynasty He Founded" (New York: Warner Books, 1997). More than a rumour, it also plays a prominent role in 'Hollywood and the Mob' by Tim Adler, who writes convincingly about the dubious role of Joseph Kennedy in the rape story.

See also[edit] Biography portal John Considine (Seattle) Pantages Theatre

Notes[edit] ^ "Alexander Pantages". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2012-02-23.  ^ Murray 1960, pp. 151–158 ^ Tarrach, Arthur Dean 1973:4 ^ Curti, Carlo (1967). Skouras, King of Fox Studios. Los Angeles: Holloway House Publishing Company, p. 51 ^ a b Berger 1991, p. 88 ^ Vancouver History website – "The Pantages in Vancouver" ^ Mrs. Alexander Pantages. Widow of Theatre Owner Dies on Yacht off Catalina Island., New York Times, July 19, 1941  ^ Dean, Arthur Tarrach (1972) ^ Lagos, Taso (May 2012). "Poor Greek to 'Scandalous Hollywood Mogul: Alexander Pantages and the Anti-Immigrant Narratives of William Randolph Hearst's Los Angeles Examiner". Journal of Modern Greek Studies. 30 (1): 45–74. doi:10.1353/mgs.2012.0006.  ^ Giesler, Jerry; Martin, as told to Pete, The Jerry Giesler Story  ^ Giesler, Jerry; Martin, as told to Pete (1960), The Jerry Giesler Story, p. 28 

References[edit] Tarrach, Dean A. (1972), Alexander Pantages: The Seattle Pantages and his Vaudeville Circuit, University of Washington  Murray, Morgan (1960), Skid Row: An Informal Portrait of Seattle, The Viking Press  Berner, Richard C. (1991), Seattle 1900–1920: From Boomtown, Urban Turbulence, to Restoration, Charles Press, ISBN 0-9629889-0-1 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Pantages. Pantages, Alexander from The Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History Alexander Pantages (Stanford University). "Alexander Pantages". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 9, 2010.  Retrieved from "" Categories: American entertainment industry businesspeopleAmerican racehorse owners and breedersGreek emigrants to the United StatesAmerican people of Greek descentVaudeville producers1867 births1936 deathsPeople from AndrosPeople acquitted of rapePeople of the Klondike Gold RushBurials at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)Theatre ownersHidden categories: Find a Grave template with ID same as WikidataArticles needing additional references from February 2012All articles needing additional referencesArticles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2012

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages Deutsch Edit links This page was last edited on 13 January 2018, at 23:47. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.320","walltime":"0.425","ppvisitednodes":{"value":3020,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":52865,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":6480,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":16,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":3,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 388.280 1 -total"," 25.03% 97.174 1 Template:Reflist"," 23.47% 91.133 1 Template:Infobox_person"," 22.84% 88.670 9 Template:Citation_needed"," 20.57% 79.871 9 Template:Fix"," 16.81% 65.252 2 Template:Find_a_Grave"," 14.95% 58.034 1 Template:Infobox"," 12.48% 48.473 9 Template:Delink"," 10.89% 42.273 2 Template:Cite_web"," 8.45% 32.798 1 Template:Refimprove"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.171","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":4802161,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1253","timestamp":"20180219031325","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":87,"wgHostname":"mw1331"});});

Alexander_Pantages - Photos and All Basic Informations

Alexander_Pantages More Links

Pantages Theatre (disambiguation)Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalAndrosGreeceForest Lawn Memorial Park, GlendaleGlendale, CaliforniaGreek AmericanPantages Theatre (disambiguation)Greek AmericanVaudevilleMotion PictureFilm ProducerImpresarioEunice PringleAndrosGreeceAlexanderLouis B. MayerPanama CanalSan FranciscoYukon TerritoryKlondike Gold RushDawson CityKathleen RockwellWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeSeattleWashington (U.S. State)Arts In SeattleVancouverPantages Theatre (Vancouver)Breach Of PromiseWikipedia:Citation NeededRepertoryWikipedia:Citation NeededJohn Considine (Seattle)Wikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededWinnipeg, ManitobaB. Marcus PritecaMuralAnthony HeinsbergenWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededHill Street (Los Angeles)Famous PlayersParamount PicturesWikipedia:Citation NeededKeith-Albee-OrpheumDavid SarnoffRCAJoseph P. KennedyRKOWall Street Crash Of 1929William Randolph HearstLos Angeles ExaminerJerry GieslerSan FranciscoJake EhrlichWikipedia:Citation NeededForest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)Glendale, CaliforniaRonald KesslerPortal:BiographyJohn Considine (Seattle)Pantages Theatre (disambiguation)Find A GraveNew York TimesDigital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-9629889-0-1Find A GraveHelp:CategoryCategory:American Entertainment Industry BusinesspeopleCategory:American Racehorse Owners And BreedersCategory:Greek Emigrants To The United StatesCategory:American People Of Greek DescentCategory:Vaudeville ProducersCategory:1867 BirthsCategory:1936 DeathsCategory:People From AndrosCategory:People Acquitted Of RapeCategory:People Of The Klondike Gold RushCategory:Burials At Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)Category:Theatre OwnersCategory:Find A Grave Template With ID Same As WikidataCategory:Articles Needing Additional References From February 2012Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2012Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link