Contents 1 Development 1.1 Origins 1.2 Further development 2 Design 3 Operational history 4 Variants 5 Operators 5.1 Military operators 5.2 Government and civil operators 6 Notable accidents 7 Specifications (AW139) 8 See also 9 References 9.1 Citations 9.2 Bibliography 10 External links


Development[edit] Origins[edit] A corporate transport AW139 In 1997, the Italian helicopter manufacturer Agusta launched a programme to develop a replacement for the Bell Huey family of helicopters (which had been built in very large numbers by Bell Helicopter and under license by Agusta) with a potential market of 900 aircraft being predicted. In 1998, Bell and Agusta entered into an agreement, setting up a joint venture, Bell/Agusta Aerospace Company (BAAC), to develop two aircraft: a conventional helicopter and a tiltrotor aircraft. These became the Bell/Agusta AB139 and Bell/Agusta BA609 respectively;[4] Bell was to be the leading partner for the development of the BA609 while Agusta would be the lead partner for the AB139; it was intended for production, sales, and support to be shared.[5] On 26 September 2000, the first order for the type was placed by Bristow Helicopters. The first preproduction helicopter flew on 3 February 2001 at Vergiate in Italy,[6][7] with two further AW139s also participating in flying trials.[8] The first production AW139 made its first flight on 24 June 2002.[9] European JAA certification was received in June 2003, and its FAA type certificate followed in December 2004. By May 2005, the AW139 had received in excess of 100 orders worldwide.[5] In the US, the type was marketed under the designation US139, and was entered into the US Army's Light Utility Helicopter competition.[10] One key market for the AW139 was the oil & gas industry, which required helicopters of increased endurance for offshore operations.[11] In 2005, AgustaWestland bought out Bell's 25% share in the program and all of its rights to the AW139 for $95 million.[12][13] In April 2008, AgustaWestland revealed that it was in the process of certifying an increase in the AW139's max gross weight to 14,991 lb (6,800 kg) to better compete in long-range markets served by helicopters such as the larger Sikorsky S-92 and Eurocopter EC225.[14] In 2007, a second production line at the AgustaWestland Aerospace plant in Philadelphia, United States was established;[15] the Philadelphia plant produced its 200th AW139 in September 2014, at which point U.S. production was intended to reach 40 units per year in the near future.[16] By 2011, AgustaWestland was producing 90 AW139s a year, the type was being directly attributed as responsible for 9.5% of the company's overall revenue in 2010.[15] By 2013, a combined total of 720 AW139s had been sold to over 200 operators in 60 different countries.[3] Further development[edit] The AW139 has a five-blade main rotor and retractable undercarriage In 2011, a military-configured variant, the AW139M, was revealed by AgustaWestland. It was promoted at the US market, including for the U.S. Air Force's Common Vertical Lift Support Program. The AW139M is equipped with a high definition forward-looking infrared (FLIR), self-protection system, heavy-duty landing gear, and has low thermal and acoustic signatures; a significant proportion of the equipment is sourced from American manufacturers. Options offered include an external stores system including various armaments, armored seats, self-sealing fuel tanks, and a full ice-protection system for all-weather operations.[17][18] The AW139 serves as the basis for AgustaWestland's wider business strategy, under which it aims to produce a standardised family of helicopters with common design features. The sharing of components and design philosophies is intended to simplify maintenance and training for operators, commonality also lowers the production costs. The AW139 was the first of this group, and as of 2014 it was to be joined by the larger AW149 and AW189, aimed at military and civilian customers respectively. Advances made in the development of new models are intended to be transferrable onto existing family members, decreasing the cost of future upgrades for the AW139.[15][18] In June 2010, it was announced that AgustaWestland and Rostvertol would build a manufacturing plant in Tomilino, Moscow Region, where it was initially planned to produce AW139s by 2012.[19] HeliVert, a joint venture between AgustaWestland and Rostvertol, commenced domestic production of the AW139 in 2012, at which point it was planned that between 15 and 20 helicopters would be produced per year. The first AW139 to be assembled in Russia made its first flight in December 2012.[20] In January 2013, the Russian Defense Ministry was reportedly considering placing an order for seven AW139s.[21] In January 2014, HeliVert, received a Certificate of Approval from the Aviation Register of the Interstate Aviation Committee to commence production of commercial AW139s.[22] In September 2014, a certificate was granted to perform comprehensive maintenance and servicing of the type at the Tomilino facility.[23] In 2015, AgustaWestland unveiled an AW139 variant with an increased gross weight of 7 tonnes, this enabling a range of 305 km while carrying 12 passengers; existing AW139s can also be rebuilt to the newer heavy-weight model. The heavier airframe comes at the expense of decreased hot and high performance however.[24] In November 2015, AgustaWestland demonstrated a 60-minute "run-dry" test (no oil) of an AW139's main gearbox, 30 minutes greater than any other certified rotorcraft at the time.[25]


Design[edit] Instrument panel of the AW139 The AW139 is a conventional twin-engine multi-role helicopter. It has a five-bladed fully articulated main rotor with a titanium hub and composite blades and a four-bladed articulated tail rotor. It is fitted with retractable tricycle landing gear, the two aft wheels retracting into external sponsons which are also used to house emergency equipment.[5] It is flown by a crew of two pilots, with up to 15 passengers accommodated in three rows of five. The AW139 had been aimed at a vacant niche in the market, sitting below larger types such as the Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma and Sikorsky S-92, and above smaller ones like the Bell 412 and Eurocopter EC155.[5] Rotor & Wing has described the AW139's flying attitude as 'docile and predictable'.[5] The AW139 is powered by two FADEC-controlled Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C turboshaft engines; the FADEC system seamlessly adjusts the engines for pilot convenience and passenger comfort, and can automatically handle a single-engine failure without noticeable deviation.[26] It was constructed with maintenance requirements in mind; critical systems can be readily accessed, where possible the number of parts has been reduced, and many components have been designed for an extended lifecycle; a Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) is also equipped.[27] In excess of a thousand customizable items of equipment can be configured per customer demand, including auxiliary fuel tanks, rescue hoists, cargo hooks, search and weather radar, ice protection systems, external cameras and search lights, and seating arrangements.[1][5] The AW139 features a modular glass cockpit, a commonly-installed feature being the four-axis autopilot, which enables functions such as auto-hover capability. The cockpit has been designed to enable single-pilot flight operations under instrument flight rules conditions, and it is also compatible with the use of night vision goggles.[5] Pilot training for the type is available via advanced Level D Full Flight Simulators. According to Shipping & Marine, the AW139 has "the largest cabin in its class"; containing up to 15 passengers or four litters and accompanying medics, an additional baggage compartment is used to stow equipment to keep the main cabin clear for use.[27] Large sections of the AW139 have been developed and produced by a range of different companies. Airframes are typically produced by PZL-Świdnik, who delivered their 200th airframe in April 2014.[28] Pratt & Whitney Canada produce the type's PT6C turboshaft engines, while the primary and secondary transmissions were developed by Westland GKN and Kawasaki Heavy Industries respectively. A significant portion of the avionics are sourced from Honeywell.[8] Turkish Aerospace Industries has been subcontracted to manufacture various elements of the AW139, including the fuselage, canopy, and radome.[29] Final assembly of most AW139s is performed at AgustaWestland's facilities in Philadelphia, United States, and Vergiate, Italy;[28] those destined for customers within the Commonwealth of Independent States are typically assembled by a third final manufacturing plant in Tomilino, Moscow operated by HeliVert.[19]


Operational history[edit] A SASEMAR AW139 during a helihoisting exercise The Irish Air Corps was the first military operator of the type, having taken delivery of its first AW139, of a batch of six, in August 2006.[30] The United Arab Emirates Air Force and the Qatar Air Force became the second and third military operators of the AW139, having ordered 9 and 18 of the type respectively.[31] A specialised military variant, the AW139M, was later launched, for which the Italian Air Force was the launch customer.[18] Designated as HH-139A in Italian service, they are used for combat search and rescue (CSAR) operations.[32] In October 2012, the Royal Thai Army ordered a pair of AW139s; a further eight were produced in October 2015.[33] In February 2006, Mitsui Bussan Aerospace signed a $100 million contract for 12 AW139s and an exclusive distribution agreement for the AW139 in Japan.[30] In October 2006, the Japan Coast Guard announced its selection of the AW139 as the replacement for its Bell 212 search and rescue fleet; by early 2011, 18 AW139s were on order by the Japan Coast Guard through Mitsui Bussan as the distributor, a total of 24 are expected to be ordered.[30][34] The Japanese National Police Agency placed multiple orders for the AW139; other organisations in the nation have used the type for firefighting and disaster relief operations.[35] Ornge AW139 air ambulance In the North American market, CHC Helicopter was the first operator of the type.[8] In 2012, CHC became the largest operator of the AW139 in the world, at that point operating a fleet of 44 in search and rescue, emergency medical service and offshore transport missions.[36] In 2015, responsibility for the maintenance of CHC's AW139 fleet was reorganized under their helicopter support division, Heli-One; activities include post-delivery modifications and engine overhauls.[37] Qatar-based firm Gulf Helicopters has emerged as one of the largest AW139 operators worldwide, first ordering the type in 2007 for offshore transport duties; it has since become an authorized service center and training center for the AW139.[38] Malaysian operator Weststar Aviation has the distinction of being the biggest operator of the AW139 in the Asia Pacific; as of February 2014, the company has ordered a total of 34 helicopters.[39] Since taking delivery of their first AW139 in December 2010, Weststar has typically employed the type in support of offshore oil and gas operations.[40] In July 2014, AgustaWestland announce that the global fleet had accumulated in excess of one million flight hours; by this milestone, a total of 770 AW139s had been produced.[1] On 24 May 2016, AugustaWestland parent Leonardo-Finmeccanica announced that Pakistan had signed a contract for an undisclosed number of AW139s as part of a fleet renewal programme spread over several batches, including a logistic support and training package. The AW139s, deliveries of which are expected in 2017, will be used to perform search-and-rescue (SAR) operations across the country. A total of 11 AW139s are already in service in Pakistan, with five aircraft operated for government relief and transportation duties.[41]


Variants[edit] AB139 Original Italian-built production aircraft, 54 built.[42] AW139 Designation change from 55th aircraft onwards, built in Italy.[42] AW139 (long nose configuration) Long nose variant with increased room for avionics built in Italy and the United States.[42] AW139M Militarised variant, capable of carrying various weapons payloads.[43] HH-139A Italian Air Force designation for ten search-and rescue configured AW139Ms.[44] VH-139A Italian Air Force designation for two VIP configured AW139s.[45] Boeing MH-139 Military variant based on the American-built AW139, a contender as a replacement for the United States Air Force UH-1N fleet.[46][47][48]


Operators[edit] AW139 at Trento, 2012 AW139 in flight, 2010 Royal Air Force AW139 using its hoist during a training exercise An AW139 of the New South Wales Ambulance Service taking off. Military operators[edit]  Algeria Algerian Air Force - 11[49] Algerian Navy - three[49]  Bangladesh Bangladesh Air Force - two [50]  Cyprus Cyprus Air Force - three[49]  Egypt Egyptian Air Force - two[49]  Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Air Force - one[51]  Ireland Irish Air Corps - six[49]  Italy Italian Air Force - 15[49]  Libya Libyan Air Force - one[49]  Malta Maltese Air Wing - two (one on order)[49]  Nigeria Nigerian Air Force - one[49]  Pakistan Pakistan Ministry of Defence 11 in service. Additional ordered in 2016[52]  Panama National Air and Naval Service of Panama - six[53]  Qatar Qatar Emiri Air Force - 21[49]  Senegal Senegalese Air Force - one[49]  Thailand Royal Thai Army - two (eight on order)[49]  Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad & Tobago Air Guard - four[49]  Turkmenistan Turkmen Air Force - three[54][55]  United Arab Emirates UAE Air Force - 13 (one on order)[49]  United Kingdom Defence Helicopter Flying School - three[49] Government and civil operators[edit]  Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi Police[56]  Algeria Algerian Civil Defence[57]  Australia CareFlight[58] Ambulance Victoria Emergency Management Queensland[59] LifeFlight Australia[60] NSW Ambulance[61] Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service  Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Airlines[62]  Brazil Brazilian Federal Police[63]  Bulgaria Bulgarian Border Police[64] Bulgarian Border Police  Canada CHC Helicopters[65] Ornge[66] Shock Trauma Air Rescue Society[67]  Chile Carabineros de Chile[68]  China Ministry of Public Security (China)[69]  Colombia Colombian Helicopters SAS[70] Helistar SAS - three[71][72]  Croatia Croatian Border Police[73]  Cyprus Cyprus Police Aviation Unit - two[74]  Estonia Estonian Border Guard[75] - three  Spain Spanish Maritime Safety Agency - eight[76]  Hong Kong Sky Shuttle[77]  Italy Polizia di Stato[78] Guardia di Finanza[79] Guardia Costiera - ten, two more on order [80][81] Nucleo Elicotteri Provincia Autonoma di Trento  Japan Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department (four ordered as of 2016)[82] Tokyo Fire Department[83] Japan Coast Guard[84]  Kenya Kenya Police - one[85]  Malaysia Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department[86] Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency[87][88] Weststar Aviation[89]  Netherlands Dutch Caribbean Coast Guard[90] National Police[91]  Norway Lufttransport[92]  Oman Royal Oman Police[93]  Qatar Gulf Helicopters[94]  Russia UTair Aviation[95]  Sweden Maritime Rescue Group[96]  United Kingdom Bond Offshore Helicopters[97] Her Majesty's Coastguard[98]  United States ERA Helicopters[99] Los Angeles City Fire Department[100] Maryland State Police[101] New Jersey State Police[102] United States Border Patrol[103] External video AW139 performing an sea rescue exercise in Valencia, 2013 Documentary - Megafactories AgustaWestland AW139 Manufacturing AW139 lifting a sports car


Notable accidents[edit] On 21 January 2010, Spanish Maritime Safety Agency AW-139SAR (registration EC-KYR), crashed into the sea close to Almeria. Three people died.[104] On 23 February 2011, South Korean Coast Guard AW139 went missing off the southern island of Jeju. Five people died.[105] On 13 March 2014, Haughey Air AW139 (registration G-LBAL) crashed shortly after takeoff from Gillingham, Norfolk, United Kingdom, killing all four people on board.[106] On 26 December 2015, Société Beninoise des Hydrocarbures AW139 (registration: TY-ABC) hit a wall during a forced landing, with the Beninese Prime Minister Lionel Zinsou on board. Everyone walked away from the incident.[107] On 8 September 2016, a Kenya Police helicopter (registration 5Y-NPS) crashed while on patrol in Mathare North area of Nairobi. All three pilots on board, including an AgustaWestland instructor, escaped with injuries. [108] [109] On 24 January 2017, an AW139 HEMS helicopter (registration EC-KJT) crashed on a mountain ridge in adverse weather conditions near Campo Felice (province of L’Aquila, central Italy); the rescue helicopter had just picked up an injured skier in the nearby ski resort. All 6 people on board (pilot, winch operator, medic, paramedic, rescuer and patient) died in the crash.[110]


Specifications (AW139)[edit] Irish Air Corps AW139 during a flight display, 2012 Guardia Costiera AW139 with engine doors, main gearbox sliding fairing and nose cowling opened. Data from AgustaWestland,[111] EASA,[42] Gajetti and Maggiore[112] General characteristics Crew: one or two Capacity: 15 passengers Length: 16.66 m (54 ft 8 in) Main rotor diameter: × 13.80 m (45 ft 3 in) Width: 2.26 m (10 ft 0 in) Height: 4.98 m (16 ft 4 in) Main rotor area: 149.57 m2 (1609.97 ft2) Empty weight: 3,622 kg (7,985 lb) Gross weight: 6,400 (7,000kg for 7t version) kg (14,110 lb) Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C-67C turboshaft engine, 1,142 kW (1,531 hp) each Performance Maximum speed: 310 km/h (193 mph) Cruising speed: 306 km/h (191 mph) Range: 1,250 km ( miles) Endurance: 5 hours  56 min Service ceiling: 6,096 m (20,000 ft) Rate of climb: 10.9 m/s (2,140 ft/min) Armament 2 x 7.62 mm FN MAG machine guns mounted in side windows (Irish Air Corps)


See also[edit] Aviation portal Related development AgustaWestland AW109 Agusta A129 Mangusta AgustaWestland AW149 AgustaWestland AW169 AgustaWestland AW189 Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era Airbus Helicopters H160 Related lists List of helicopters


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External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to AgustaWestland AW139. AW139 page on Leonardo AW139 Specs & Photo on flugzeuginfo.net European Aviation Safety Agency Type Certificate Data Sheet Federal Aviation Authority Type Certificate Data Sheet v t e Agusta/AgustaWestland/Leonardo Helicopters Agusta A.101 AB.102 A.103 A.104 A.105 A.106 A109 A109S A.115 A.120 A.123 A129 AZ8-L CP-110 EH101 AgustaWestland Apache AW009 AW101 VH-71 CH-149 AW109 AW109S AW119 AW139 AW149 AW159 AW169 AW189 AW249 AW609 T129 Project Zero Meridionali/Agusta EMA 124 Aeroengines GA.40 GA.70 GA.140 A.270 TA.230 Other Giovanni Agusta MV Agusta PZL-Świdnik Westland Helicopters Caproni v t e Italian Armed Forces aircraft designation system 1–100 Q-1 G-2 H-3D/H-3F G-4 AV-8 Q-9 Q-10 A-11 Q-11 Q-12 F-16 G-17 G-21 C-27 F-35 C-42/P-42 H-47 C-50 P-72 H-90 101-200 H-101 G-103 H-109 H-129 C-130 H-139 U-166 C-180 A-200 201-400 H-205 H-206 U-208 H-212 C-222 C-228 T-260 C-319 T-339 T-345 T-346 401-2000 H-412 H-500 KC-707 KC-767 C-900 P-1150 F-2000 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=AgustaWestland_AW139&oldid=825275720" Categories: International civil utility aircraft 2000–2009Italian helicopters 2000–2009Agusta aircraftTwin-turbine helicoptersAircraft first flown in 2001Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksPages containing links to subscription-only contentCS1 Turkmen-language sources (tk)CS1 Spanish-language sources (es)


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AgustaWestland_AW139 - Photos and All Basic Informations

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