Contents 1 History 2 List of administrative regions 3 See also 4 References


History[edit] The current regions were established in July 1986 (the Presidential Decree officially establishing them was signed in 1987), by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, complementing the prefectures (Law 1622/1986).[1] Before 1986, there was a traditional division into broad historical–geographical regions (γεωγραφικά διαμερίσματα), which, however, was often arbitrary; not all of the pre-1986 traditional historical-geographic regions had official administrative bodies. Although the post-1986 regions were mostly based on the earlier divisions, they are usually smaller and, in a few cases, do not overlap with the traditional definitions: for instance, the region of Western Greece, which had no previous analogue, comprises territory belonging to the Peloponnese peninsula and the traditional region of Central Greece. As part of a decentralization process inspired by then-Interior Minister Alekos Papadopoulos ("Project Kapodistrias"), they were accorded more powers in the 1997 Kapodistrias reform of local and regional government. They were transformed into fully separate entities by the 2010 Kallikratis Plan (Law 3852/2010), which entered into effect on 1 January 2011. In the 2011 changes, the government-appointed general secretary (γενικός γραμματέας) was replaced with a popularly elected regional governor (περιφερειάρχης) and a regional council (περιφερειακό συμβούλιο) with 5-year terms. Many powers of the prefectures, which were also abolished or reformed into regional units, were transferred to the region level. The regional organs of the central government were in turn replaced by seven Decentralized administrations, which group from one to three regions under a government-appointed general secretary.


List of administrative regions[edit] Attica / Αττική Central Greece / Στερεά Ελλάδα Central Macedonia / Κεντρική Μακεδονία Crete / Κρήτη Eastern Macedonia and Thrace / Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη Epirus / Ήπειρος Ionian Islands / Ιόνια νησιά North Aegean / Βόρειο Αιγαίο Peloponnese / Πελοπόννησος South Aegean / Νότιο Αιγαίο Thessaly / Θεσσαλία Western Greece / Δυτική Ελλάδα Western Macedonia / Δυτική Μακεδονία Map showing modern regions of Greece Bordering the region of Central Macedonia there is one autonomous region, Mount Athos (Agion Oros, or "Holy Mountain"), a monastic community under Greek sovereignty. It is located on the easternmost of the three large peninsulas jutting into the Aegean from the Chalcidice Peninsula. Administrative Region Seat Area (km2) Population (residents) Population Density (residents/km2) Gross domestic product (million €) Per capita gross domestic product (€) 1 Attica Athens 3,808 3,812,330 1001.11 110,546 28,997 2 Central Greece Lamia 15,549 546,870 35.17 10,537 19,007 3 Central Macedonia Thessaloniki 18,811 1,874,590 99.66 32,285 16,559 4 Crete Heraklion 8,336 621,340 74.54 11,243 18,421 5 Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Komotini 14,157 606,170 42.82 9,265 15,272 6 Epirus Ioannina 9,203 336,650 36.58 5,079 14,221 7 Ionian Islands Corfu 2,307 206,470 89.50 4,130 17,726 8 North Aegean Mytilene 3,836 197,810 51.57 3,330 16,638 9 Peloponnese Tripoli 15,490 581,980 37.57 9,809 16,580 10 South Aegean Ermoupoli 5,286 308,610 58.38 7,646 24,828 11 Thessaly Larissa 14,037 730,730 52.06 11,608 15,772 12 Western Greece Patras 11,350 680,190 59.93 10,659 14,332 13 Western Macedonia Kozani 9,451 282,120 29.85 5,506 18,786


See also[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Regions of Greece. ISO 3166-2:GR Administrative divisions of Greece


References[edit] ^ Ν.1622/86 «Τοπική Αυτοδιοίκηση - Περιφερειακή Ανάπτυξη - Δημοκρατικός Προγραμματισμός», (ΦΕΚ 92/τ.Α΄/14-7-1986) v t e Administrative regions of Greece Attica Central Greece Central Macedonia Crete Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Epirus Ionian Islands Northern Aegean Peloponnese Southern Aegean Thessaly Western Greece Western Macedonia v t e Greek terms for country subdivisions Modern apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§ Historical archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma § signifies a defunct institution v t e First-level administrative divisions in European countries Sovereign states Albania Andorra Armenia2 Austria Azerbaijan1 Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus2 Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia1 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan1 Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia1 San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom States with limited recognition Abkhazia2 Kosovo Nagorno-Karabakh2 Northern Cyprus2 South Ossetia2 Transnistria 1 Has part of its territory outside Europe. 2 Considered European for cultural, political and historical reasons but is geographically in Western Asia. Table of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Administrative_regions_of_Greece&oldid=816678630" Categories: Administrative regions of GreeceSubdivisions of GreeceLists of subdivisions of GreeceCountry subdivisions in EuropeFirst-level administrative country subdivisionsGreece geography-related lists1987 establishments in GreeceHidden categories: Articles containing Greek-language textPages using deprecated image syntax


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