Contents 1 History 2 Presence in Southwest U.S. 3 Merger 4 Acquisition 5 1990s 6 2000s 7 Superfund site 8 In the media 9 Legal issues 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] The Atlantic Petroleum Storage Company's heritage dates back to 1866. It became part of the Standard Oil trust in 1874, but achieved independence again when Standard Oil was broken up in 1911. In 1915, Atlantic opens its first gas station on Baum Boulevard in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1917, First Richfield Oil Company of California gas station at Slauson and Central Avenues in Los Angeles, California. Richfield Oil Company of California logo is an Eagle trademark. The Atlantic Refining Company was headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1921, Sinclair Oil Company opens first modern service station in Chicago called "Greasing Palace No. 1". Sinclair gets into trouble with Teapot Dome scandal. In 1966, Atlantic merges with the Richfield Oil Company of California. The first CEO was Robert Orville Anderson. The new company boasts a new trademark, a red diamond shape called the ARCO Spark designed by Bauhaus artist, designer, and architect Herbert Bayer. Commercial oil exploration started in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, in the 1960s and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field, North America's largest oil field, was discovered on March 12, 1968, by Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) and Exxon with the well Prudhoe Bay State #1. Key employees with ARCO Alaska were Marvin Mangus John M. Sweet, and William D. Leake, chief project engineer for the Alaska pipeline. The Richfield Oil Company of California had purchased the drilling rights to the land where the discovery well was located. British Petroleum had drilling rights near the discovery well. ARCO acquired Sinclair Oil Corporation in 1969, but later divested certain Sinclair assets during the mid-1970s, resulting in Sinclair returning as a private company. In 1978, ARCO opened the first of its AMPM convenience stores in Southern California. At one time, ARCO had its headquarters in the City National Plaza complex in Downtown Los Angeles[11]

Presence in Southwest U.S.[edit] ARCO once had a presence in the Southwestern U.S.—a stretch of Texas State Highway 225 east of Loop 610 in Houston, Texas, had an oil tank farm once painted with the ARCO logo. Lyondell-Citgo would rebrand the oil tanks in the 1980s. ARCO's global corporate headquarters were in the ARCO Plaza in Los Angeles at the corner of 5th and Flower Streets, the site of Richfield's former headquarters. ARCO's Oil & Gas division headquarters were in downtown Dallas, Texas. The headquarters' building was a 46-story office building designed by architect I.M. Pei, the ARCO Tower. ARCO closed the Dallas office and sold the building in the mid-1980s. Today, ARCO operates about 1,100 stations in five Western states: California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and Arizona.[12]

Merger[edit] ARCO merged with Anaconda Copper Mining Company of Montana in 1977. Anaconda's holdings included the Berkeley Pit and the Anaconda, Montana Smelter. ARCO founder Robert Orville Anderson stated "he hoped Anaconda's resources and expertise would help him launch a major shale-oil venture, but that the world oil glut and the declining price of petroleum made shale oil moot".[13] The purchase turned out to be a regrettable decision for ARCO. A lack of experience with hard-rock mining and a sudden drop in the price of copper to below seventy cents a pound, the lowest in years, caused ARCO to suspend all operations in Butte, Montana. By 1983, only six years after acquiring rights to the "Richest Hill on Earth", the Berkeley Pit was completely idle. By 1986, some ARCO properties were sold to billionaire industrialist Dennis Washington, whose company, Montana Resources, operates a much smaller open-pit mine east of the defunct Berkeley Pit.

Acquisition[edit] In 1985, the Atlantic brand was spun off for ARCO's East Coast stations as Atlantic Petroleum. Atlantic was acquired by Dutch trader John Deuss, who later sold it in 1988 to Sunoco. The ARCO brand is now used on the West Coast. ARCO specializes in discount gas by removing many frills, among them forcing prepayment for fuel, not accepting credit cards at most locations, and charging 35 cents[14] for the use of debit cards. In most locations, it is co-branded with ampm convenience stores, also a division of BP West Coast (ARCO introduced the AmPm concept in 1979).

1990s[edit] ARCO financed EASTLUND in the beginning of the 1990s for High Auroral Active Research Project (HAARP Project). In March 1997, ARCO also leased almost all the gas stations of the (now) Santa Fe Springs, California based independent Thrifty Oil[15] group of 250 stations found throughout California[16] after a damaging price war which the independent Thrifty was unable to win.[17]

2000s[edit] On April 18, 2000, ARCO was purchased by BP America and completely merged into BP operations. There were two exceptions due to FTC requirements: ARCO Alaska was sold by BP to Phillips Petroleum, and ARCO Pipe Line Company was acquired by TEPPCO, a subsidiary of Duke Energy. ARCO as a subsidiary no longer exists. Over the course of 2004 and 2005, ARCO signs have been replaced. New signs still have the ARCO spark, but BP's Helios (BP's new white, yellow, and green "sunburst" mark named after the Greek Sun god, replacing the old British Petroleum shield mark)[18][19] is also located on the sign. A new tagline "ARCO—part of BP" has also appeared on some signs and advertisements. ARCO was known for sponsoring the ARCO Arena (now Sleep Train Arena) in Sacramento, California,[20] with a license fee of $750,000/year through 2007.[21]

Superfund site[edit] ARCO is the responsible party (by its ownership of Anaconda Copper at the time operations were terminated) for America's largest Superfund site—a site that takes in the towns of Butte and Anaconda, and 120 miles (190 km) of the Clark Fork River including Milltown Dam. The region's water and soil were polluted by a century of mining and smelting. Chemicals of concern include many heavy metals and arsenic. On 7 February 2008, the United States Environmental Protection Agency announced that prolonged litigation with ARCO ended when ARCO agreed to pay $187 million to finance natural resource restoration activities.[22] Anaconda still nominally exists, but only as a massive environmental liability for ARCO.

In the media[edit] George Romero's 1978 film Dawn of the Dead features a zombie wearing a red baseball jersey that read "Bach's Arco Pitcairn". The song "Storm", in Godspeed You Black Emperor's 2000 album Lift Your Skinny Fists Like Antennas to Heaven uses a field recording done at the Los Angeles Airport ARCO gas station. Sacramento band CAKE recorded the song "Arco Arena", which was about the stadium in Sacramento that Arco had purchased naming rights to.

Legal issues[edit] Atlantic Richfield Co and its parent BP America agreed to settle a class-action lawsuit brought by about 700 current and former residents of Yerington, Nevada, who lived near the Anaconda mine built in 1941. Company paid in Nevada up to $19.5M for settlement. EPA tested in 2009 wells and found that 79% of the wells north of mine had dangerous levels of uranium and/or arsenic.[23] In September 2010, the staff of KCST-FM in Florence, Oregon noticed that the station's Emergency Alert System (EAS) equipment would repeatedly unmute as if receiving an incoming EAS message several times a week. During each event, which was relayed from KKNU in Springfield, the same commercial advertisement for ARCO/BP gasoline could be heard, along with the words "This test has been brought to you by ARCO". Further investigation by the primary station transmitting the commercial revealed that the spot had been produced using an audio clip of an actual EAS header which had been modified to lower the header's volume and presumably prevent it from triggering false positive alert reactions in EAS equipment. The spot was distributed nationally, and after it had once been identified as the source of the false EAS equipment trips, various stations around the country reported having had similar experiences. After a widespread notification by the Society of Broadcast Engineers was issued, ARCO's ad agency withdrew the commercial from airplay.[24][25]

See also[edit] Companies portal Energy portal Greater Los Angeles portal ARCO Arena (1985) and successor venue ARCO Arena (currently the Sleep Train Arena) in Sacramento, California Conoco-Phillips Building in Anchorage, Alaska, originally the ARCO Tower Harold Harby, employee of Richfield Oil and member of the Los Angeles City Council for all but one year from 1939 to 1957

References[edit] ^ a b "Atlantic Richfield Chemical and Oil (ARCO) (American oil company) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Retrieved 9 October 2015.  ^ "Official About ARCO Page". ARCO. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-07.  ^ "Andeavor Marks First ARCO® Station in Mexico with Grand Opening Celebration". Andeavor. Retrieved 12 November 2017.  ^ "Tiene Arco 5 gasolineras en México". Organización Nacional de Expendedores de Petróleo (Mexico). Retrieved 12 November 2017.  ^ "Legal information". ARCO. Retrieved on July 7, 2010. ^ "BP sells Carson refinery, Arco retail to Tesoro". Los Angeles Times. 13 August 2012. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012.  ^ Ronald D. White (October 9, 2012). "Tesoro plan to buy Arco gets more scrutiny amid gas-price surge". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 8, 2012.  ^ "Tesoro Corporation Closes the Purchase of BP's Southern California Refining and Marketing Business". The Wall Street Journal. June 3, 2013.  ^ "B P West Coast Products LLC Company Profile". Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-07.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Welcome to ARCO Online". ARCO. Retrieved on July 7, 2010. "ARCO, 515 South Flower Street, Los Angeles, California 90071-2256". ^ [2] Archived August 28, 2005, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Arthur M. Louis research associate Rosalind Klein Berlin (1986-04-14). "The U.S. Business Hall of Fame". Fortune.  ^ "PayQuick - ARCO". Archived from the original on 2013-10-10. Retrieved 2013-10-10.  ^ Thrifty Oil Co.: gasoline retailer goes pump-to-pump with industry giants - Top 400 Private Awards | Los Angeles Business Journal | Find Articles at ^ [3] Archived October 18, 2005, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Douglass, Elizabeth; Cohn, Gary (18 June 2005). "Refiners Maintain a Firm but Legal Grip on Supplies". The Los Angeles Times.  ^ SignResource Delivers Its 30,000th BP Helios Archived May 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Case Studies - BP and Corporate Greenwash". Archived from the original on 2007-05-23. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ "ARCO Arena Naming Rights". Archived from the original on July 1, 2015.  ^ Duane W. Rockerbie. "The Economics of Professional Sports" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-07.  ^ "Atlantic Richfield Company agrees to pay $187M for Montana Superfund Cleanup | Newsroom | US EPA". 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ Nevada residents win $19.5m settlement in toxic waste leak lawsuit The Guardian 7 November 2013 ^ "Arco Oil Radio Ads Include False EAS Header". Radio. September 9, 2010. Archived from the original on August 24, 2014.  ^ "ARCO Commercial Trips EAS Units (Society of Broadcast Engineers)". Radio. September 10, 2010. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to ARCO (Atlantic Richfield Company). Official website Tesoro official website ARCO Alumni official website v t e BP Divisions Air Alaska Amoco Ampm Aral ARCO Australia BP Connect Britoil Burmah Canada Castrol Iraq National Rosneft (19.75%) Shell-Mex and BP Ohio Prudhoe Bay Solar Shipping Facilities Oil fields Amoco Building, Chicago Amoco Building, New Orleans ARCO Tower Atlantis Castrol Technology Centre Deepwater Horizon Helios House Kingsbury Iolair Mad Dog Northstar Richfield Tower Sangachal Sea Quest FPSO Noble Seillean Sullom Voe Sunbury Thunder Horse Sponsorships ARCO Arena BP Ford World Rally Team BP National Championships BP Natural World Book Prize BP Pedestrian Bridge BP Portrait Award BP Professor of Organic Chemistry BP Top 8 BP Ultimate Acropolis Rally People Robert Anderson Sylvia Baca Baron Browne Robert Dudley William Fraser William D'Arcy Tony Hayward Robert Horton Doug Suttles Carl-Henric Svanberg Controversies Abadan crisis Amoco Milford Haven Deepwater Horizon explosion Deepwater Horizon spill Invasion of Iran Iranian coup Torrey Canyon oil spill Prudhoe Bay spill Texas City explosion Other Anglo-Persian Oil Company BP America Production Co. v. Burton BP Structure Burmah Oil Co. v Lord Advocate D'Arcy Concession Llandarcy North Sea crash Opal United Kingdom v. Iran Category  Commons Retrieved from "" Categories: ARCOOil companies of the United StatesAutomotive fuel brandsBP subsidiariesGas stations in the United StatesPetroleum in CaliforniaCompanies based in Orange County, CaliforniaLa Palma, CaliforniaAmerican companies established in 1966Energy companies established in 1966Non-renewable resource companies established in 19661966 establishments in CaliforniaEconomy of the Western United StatesStandard OilCompanies formed by mergerHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from February 2013Webarchive template wayback linksOfficial website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages BrezhonegDeutschفارسیFrançaisРусскийSimple EnglishSvenska Edit links This page was last edited on 25 January 2018, at 12:59. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.340","walltime":"0.433","ppvisitednodes":{"value":1934,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":59219,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":2095,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":12,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 371.760 1 -total"," 40.17% 149.350 1 Template:Reflist"," 17.97% 66.792 11 Template:Cite_web"," 15.95% 59.293 1 Template:Infobox_company"," 11.29% 41.974 1 Template:Infobox"," 10.63% 39.527 1 Template:Convert"," 7.42% 27.574 1 Template:Commons_category"," 7.20% 26.773 1 Template:Dead_link"," 7.16% 26.601 1 Template:Other_uses"," 6.20% 23.046 1 Template:Fix"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.156","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":7312903,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1272","timestamp":"20180223124539","ttl":86400,"transientcontent":true}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":91,"wgHostname":"mw1324"});});

ARCO - Photos and All Basic Informations

ARCO More Links

Arco (disambiguation)List Of Business EntitiesPrivately Held CompanyAndeavorLa Palma, CaliforniaCaliforniaUnited StatesRobert Orville AndersonGregory J. GoffAndeavorParent CompanyBPAndeavorEnlargeSlauson AvenueLos AngelesPetroleum IndustryNorth SeaSouth China SeaMexicoMergers And AcquisitionsEast Coast Of The United StatesAtlantic PetroleumRichfield Oil CorporationSinclair Oil CorporationBPTesoroAmpmLa Palma, CaliforniaStandard OilGas StationPittsburgh, PennsylvaniaLos AngelesPhiladelphia, PennsylvaniaSinclair OilChicagoTeapot Dome ScandalRobert Orville AndersonBauhausHerbert BayerPrudhoe Bay Oil FieldMarvin MangusBPSinclair Oil CorporationEnlargeCity National PlazaDowntown Los AngelesLoop 610Houston, TexasLyondellBasellCitgoDallas, TexasI.M. PeiARCO TowerAnaconda CopperMontanaBerkeley PitAnaconda, MontanaRobert Orville AndersonShale Oil Extraction1980s Oil GlutPrice Of PetroleumShale OilCopperButte, MontanaRichest Hill On EarthDennis WashingtonAtlantic PetroleumDutch PeopleSunocoCredit CardDebit CardAmpmSanta Fe Springs, CaliforniaBP AmericaPhillips PetroleumHeliosARCO ArenaSleep Train ArenaSacramento, CaliforniaSuperfundBerkeley PitClark Fork RiverMilltown DamUnited States Environmental Protection AgencyGeorge RomeroDawn Of The Dead (1978 Film)ZombieGodspeed You Black EmperorLift Your Skinny Fists Like Antennas To HeavenLAXCake (band)KCST-FMFlorence, OregonEmergency Alert SystemKKNUSpringfield, OregonBPSociety Of Broadcast EngineersPortal:CompaniesPortal:EnergyPortal:Greater Los AngelesARCO Arena (1985)Sleep Train ArenaSacramentoConoco-Phillips BuildingAnchorageAlaskaHarold HarbyLos Angeles City CouncilLos Angeles TimesWikipedia:Link RotWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineTemplate:BPTemplate Talk:BPBPAir BPAlyeska Pipeline Service CompanyAmocoAmpmAral AGCommonwealth Oil RefineriesBP ConnectBritoilBurmah OilBP CanadaCastrolIraq Petroleum CompanyNational BenzoleRosneftShell-Mex And BPStandard Oil Of OhioBP Prudhoe Bay Royalty TrustBP SolarBP ShippingOil Fields Operated By BPAon Center (Chicago)Amoco Building (New Orleans)ARCO TowerAtlantis PQCastrol Technology CentreDeepwater HorizonHelios HouseKingsbury Oil TerminalIolairMad Dog (oil Platform)Northstar IslandRichfield TowerSangachal TerminalSea QuestFPSO Noble SeilleanSullom Voe TerminalSunbury Research CentreThunder Horse PDQARCO ArenaFord World Rally TeamBP National ChampionshipsNatural World Book PrizeBP Pedestrian BridgeBP Portrait AwardBP Professor Of Organic ChemistryMTN 8Acropolis RallyRobert Orville AndersonSylvia BacaJohn Browne, Baron Browne Of MadingleyBob DudleyWilliam Fraser, 1st Baron StrathalmondWilliam Knox D'ArcyTony HaywardRobert Horton (businessman)Doug SuttlesCarl-Henric SvanbergAbadan CrisisAmoco Milford HavenDeepwater Horizon ExplosionDeepwater Horizon Oil SpillAnglo-Soviet Invasion Of Iran1953 Iranian Coup D'étatTorrey Canyon Oil SpillPrudhoe Bay Oil SpillTexas City Refinery ExplosionAnglo-Persian Oil CompanyBP America Production Co. V. BurtonBP StructureBurmah Oil Co. V Lord AdvocateD'Arcy ConcessionLlandarcy Oil Refinery2009 Bond Helicopters Eurocopter AS332 CrashOpal (fuel)Anglo-lranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom V. Iran)Category:BPHelp:CategoryCategory:ARCOCategory:Oil Companies Of The United StatesCategory:Automotive Fuel BrandsCategory:BP SubsidiariesCategory:Gas Stations In The United StatesCategory:Petroleum In CaliforniaCategory:Companies Based In Orange County, CaliforniaCategory:La Palma, CaliforniaCategory:American Companies Established In 1966Category:Energy Companies Established In 1966Category:Non-renewable Resource Companies Established In 1966Category:1966 Establishments In CaliforniaCategory:Economy Of The Western United StatesCategory:Standard OilCategory:Companies Formed By MergerCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From February 2013Category:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Official Website Different In Wikidata And WikipediaDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link