Contents 1 Definitions 2 History 2.1 Home video projection 3 Broadcasting 4 Resolutions 4.1 Ultra HD 4.2 Digital cinema 4.3 Streaming video 5 Recording 6 See also 7 References 8 External links 8.1 Articles 8.2 Official sites of NHK 8.3 Video


Definitions[edit] There are three main 4K resolution standards: UHD-1, or ultra-high-definition television (UHDTV), is the 4K standard for television and computer monitors. UHD-1 is also called 2160p[5][6] as it has a resolution of 3840 × 2160 (16:9, or approximately a 1.78:1 aspect ratio), which is twice the horizontal and twice the vertical resolution of 1080p, or three times the horizontal and vertical resolution of 720p.[5] UHD-1 is used in consumer television and other media, e.g. video games. UW4K is the ultra-wide 4K standard, with a resolution of 3840 × 1600, and an aspect ratio of 12:5 (2.4:1, or 21.6:9) This resolution is most commonly used on Ultra HD Blu-ray discs, and PC gaming monitors. DCI 4K ("4K envelope") which has a resolution of 4096 × 2160 pixels (256:135, approximately a 1.9:1 aspect ratio). This standard is only used in the film and video production industry.[7] The DCI 4K standard has twice the horizontal and twice the vertical resolution of DCI 2K. Many manufacturers may advertise their products as UHD 4K, or simply 4K, when the term 4K is traditionally reserved for the cinematic, DCI resolution.[6][8][9] This has the potential to cause confusion for consumers.[6] YouTube and the television industry have adopted UHD-1 as their 4K standard.[10][11] As of 2014[update], 4K content from major broadcasters remains limited.[12] On April 11, 2013, Bulb TV created by Canadian serial entrepreneur Evan Kosiner became the first broadcaster to provide a 4K linear channel and VOD content to cable and satellite companies in North America.[13][14][15][16] The channel is licensed by the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission to provide educational content.[17] However, 4K content is becoming more widely available online including on YouTube, Netflix, and Amazon.[18][19] By 2013, some UHDTV models were available to general consumers in the range of US$600.[20][21] As of 2015[update], prices on smaller computer and television panels had dropped below US$400.[22] DVB expects UHD-1 Phase 2 services to be introduced by broadcasters from 2017, with features such as High Dynamic Range (using HLG and PQ at 10 or 12 bits), Wide Color Gamut (BT. 2020/2100 colorimetry), and High Frame Rate (up to 120 Hz). [23]


History[edit] Samsung UN105S9 105 inch ultra-high-definition 4K television The first commercially available 4K camera for cinematographic purposes was the Dalsa Origin, released in 2003.[24][25] YouTube began supporting 4K for video uploads in 2010 as a result of leading manufacturers producing 4K cameras.[26] Users could view 4K video by selecting "Original" from the quality settings until December 2013, when the 2160p option appeared in the quality menu.[27] In November 2013, YouTube started to use the VP9 video compression standard, saying that it was more suitable for 4K than High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC); VP9 is being developed by Google which owns YouTube.[26] The projection of movies at 4K resolution at cinemas began in 2011.[28] Sony was offering 4K projectors as early as 2004.[29] The first 4K home theater projector was released by Sony in 2012.[30] Sony is one of the leading studios promoting UHDTV content, as of 2013[update] offering a little over 70 movie and television titles via digital download to a specialized player that stores and decodes the video. The large files (~40GB), distributed through consumer broadband connections, raise concerns about data caps.[31] In 2014, Netflix began streaming House of Cards, Breaking Bad,[32] and "some nature documentaries" at 4K to compatible televisions with an HEVC decoder. Most 4K televisions sold in 2013 did not natively support HEVC, with most major manufacturers announcing support in 2014.[33] Amazon Studios began shooting their full-length original series and new pilots with 4K resolution in 2014.[34] They are now currently available though Amazon Video.[35] In March 2016 the first players and discs for Ultra HD Blu-ray—a physical optical disc format supporting 4K resolution and HDR at 60 frames per second—were released.[36] In 2016, Sony and Microsoft released the PlayStation 4 Pro and Xbox One S, respectively, both of which are video game consoles that support 4K streaming and gaming, although in most cases the resolution is upscaled to 4K; the Xbox One S also features an Ultra HD Blu-ray disc drive. On November 7, 2017 Microsoft released the Xbox One X, which is capable of native 4K streaming and gaming.[37] Home video projection[edit] This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions. (August 2017) A JVC "e-shift" (pixel shifting) projector results in 4K pixel resolution on the screen Though experiencing rapid price drops beginning in 2013 for viewing devices, the home cinema digital video projector market saw little expansion, with only a few manufacturers (only Sony as of 2015[update]) offering limited 4K-capable lineups, with native 4K projectors commanding five-figure price tags well into 2015 before finally breaking the US$10,000 barrier.[38] Critics state that at normal direct-view panel size and viewing distances, the extra pixels of 4K are redundant at the ability of normal human vision. Projection home cinemas, on the other hand, employ much larger screen sizes without necessarily increasing viewing distance to scale. JVC has used a technique known as "e-shift" to extrapolate extra pixels from 1080p sources to display 4K on screens through upscaling or from native 4K sources at a much lower price than native 4K projectors.[39] This technology of non-native 4K entered its fourth generation for 2016.[40][41][42] JVC used this same technology to provide 8K flight simulation for Boeing that met the limits of 20/25 visual acuity.[43] Pixel shifting as described here was pioneered in the consumer space by JVC, and later in the commercial space by Epson. That said, it isn't the same thing as "true" 4K. More recently there are DLP projectors claiming 4K UHD (which the JVCs and Epsons do not even attempt to claim). As noted above, DCI 4K is 4096×2160, while UHD-1 4K is 3840×2160, producing a slight difference in aspect ratio rather than a significant difference in resolution. In traditional displays, such as LCD or OLED, there are 3840 pixels across the screen, with each pixel being 1/3840th of the screen width. They do not overlap; if they did, the detail would be reduced. The diameter of each is basically 1/3840th of the screen width or 1/2160th of the screen height - either gives the same size pixel. That 3840×2160 works out to 8.3 megapixels, the official resolution of 4K UHD (and therefore Blu-ray UHD discs). But the 4K UHD standard doesn't specify how large the pixels are, so a 4K UHD projector (Optoma, BenQ, Dell, et al.) counts because these projectors have a 2718×1528 pixel structure. Those projectors process the true 4K of data and project it with overlapping pixels, which is what pixel shifting is all about. Unfortunately, each of those pixels is far larger: each one has 50% more area than true 4K. Those pixel shifting projectors project a pixel, shift it up to the right, by a half diameter, and project it again, with modified data, but that second pixel overlaps the first. In other words, pixel shifting is not capable of producing adjacent vertical lines of RGBRGB or any other colours where each line is one pixel (1/3840th of the screen) wide. Adjacent red and green pixels would end up looking like yellow, with a fringe on one side of red, on the other of green - except that the next line of pixels will be overlapping as well, changing the colour of that fringe. Simply stated, there is no way 4K UHD or 1080p pixel shifting can reveal the fine detail of a true 4K projector such as those Sony ships (business, education and home markets). Also, JVC has one true 4K projector priced at $35,000 (as of mid-2017). So while 4K UHD sounds like it was going to have pixel structures with 1/4 the area of 1080p, that's just not going to happen with pixel shifting. Only a true 4K projector will offer that level of resolution. That should help explain why "true" 4K projectors cost so much more than 4K UHD projectors with otherwise similar feature sets. They produce smaller pixels, finer resolution, no compromising of detail or colour from overlapping pixels. By comparison, the slight difference in aspect ratio between DCI and 3840×2160 pixel displays without overlap is insignificant relative to the amount of detail that can be seen.


Broadcasting[edit] In November 2014, United States satellite provider DirecTV became the first pay TV provider to offer access to 4K content, although limited to selected video-on-demand films.[44] In August 2015, British sports network BT Sport launched a 4K feed, with its first broadcast being the 2015 FA Community Shield football match. Two production units were used, producing the traditional broadcast in high-definition, and a separate 4K broadcast. As the network did not want to mix 4K footage with upconverted HD footage, this telecast did not feature traditional studio segments at pre-game or half-time, but those hosted from the stadium by the match commentators using a 4K camera. BT envisioned that if viewers wanted to watch studio analysis, they would switch to the HD broadcast and then back for the game. Footage was compressed using H.264 encoders and transmitted to BT Tower, where it was then transmitted back to BT Sport studios and decompressed for distribution, via 4K-compatible BT TV set-top boxes on an eligible BT Infinity internet plan with at least a 25 Mbit/s connection.[45][46] In late 2015 and January 2016, three Canadian television providers – including Quebec-based Videotron, Ontario-based Rogers Cable, and Bell Fibe TV, announced that they would begin to offer 4K compatible set-top boxes that can stream 4K content to subscribers over gigabit internet service.[47][48] On October 5, 2015, alongside the announcement of its 4K set-top box and gigabit internet, Canadian media conglomerate Rogers Communications announced that it planned to produce 101 sports telecasts in 4K in 2016 via its Sportsnet division, including all Toronto Blue Jays home games, and "marquee" National Hockey League games beginning in January 2016. Bell Media announced via its TSN division a slate of 4K telecasts to begin on January 20, 2016, including selected Toronto Raptors games and regional NHL games.[49] [50][51] On January 14, 2016, in cooperation with BT Sport, Sportsnet broadcast the first ever NBA game produced in 4K – a Toronto Raptors/Orlando Magic game at O2 Arena in London, England. On January 20, also during a Raptors game, TSN presented the first live 4K telecast produced in North America.[47][49][52] Three days later, Sportsnet presented the first NHL game in 4K.[53] Dome Productions, a joint venture of Bell Media and Rogers Media (the respective owners of TSN and Sportsnet), constructed a "side-by-side" 4K mobile production unit shared by Sportsnet and TSN's first 4K telecasts; it was designed to operate alongside a separate HD truck and utilize cameras capable of output in both formats.[54] For the opening game of the 2016 Toronto Blue Jays season, Dome constructed "Trillium" – a production truck integrating both 4K and 1080i high-definition units.[55] Bell Media's CTV also broadcast the 2016 Juno Awards in 4K as the first awards show presented in the format.[56] In February 2016, Univision trialed 4K by producing a closed circuit telecast of a football friendly between the national teams of Mexico and Senegal from Miami in the format. The broadcast was streamed privately to several special viewing locations. Univision aimed to develop a 4K streaming app to publicly televise the final of Copa América Centenario in 4K.[57][58][59] In March 2016, DirecTV and CBS Sports announced that they would produce the "Amen Corner" supplemental coverage from the Masters golf tournament in 4K.[60][61]


Resolutions[edit] Format Resolution Display aspect ratio Pixels Ultra-high-definition television 3840 × 2160 1.78:1 (16:9) 8,294,400 Ultra-wide-television 3840 × 1600 2.40:1 (12:5) 6,144,000 DCI 4K (native resolution) 4096 × 2160 1.90:1 (256:135) 8,847,360 DCI 4K (CinemaScope cropped) 4096 × 1716 2.39:1 (1024:429) 7,020,544 DCI 4K (flat cropped) 3996 × 2160 1.85:1 (999:540) 8,631,360 Ultra HD[edit] 4K UHD (2160p) has a resolution of 3840 pixels × 2160 lines (8.3 megapixels, aspect ratio 16:9) and is one of the two resolutions of ultra high definition television targeted towards consumer television, the other being 8K UHD which is 7680 pixels × 4320 lines (33.2 megapixels). 4K UHD has twice the horizontal and vertical resolution of the 1080p HDTV format, with four times as many pixels overall.[62][63] Likewise, 4K UHD has three times the horizontal and vertical resolution of the 720p format, with nine times as many pixels overall. Televisions capable of displaying UHD resolutions are seen by consumer electronics companies as the next trigger for an upgrade cycle due to a lack of consumer interest in 3D television.[64] Besides resolution, the UHD standard and related technologies (e.g. HDMI 2.0) include other higher specifications such as a wider Rec. 2020 color palette.[65] Digital cinema[edit] The Digital Cinema Initiatives consortium established a standard resolution of 4096 pixels × 2160 lines (8.8 megapixels, aspect ratio 256:135) for 4K movie projection. This is the native resolution for DCI-compliant 4K digital projectors and monitors; pixels are cropped from the top or sides depending on the aspect ratio of the content being projected. The DCI 4K standard has twice the horizontal and vertical resolution of DCI 2K, with four times as many pixels overall. DCI 4K does not conform to the 16:9 aspect ratio, so it is not a multiple of the 1080p display. 4K digital movies may be produced, scanned, or stored in a number of other resolutions depending on what storage aspect ratio is used.[66][67] In the digital cinema production chain, a resolution of 4096 × 3112 is often used for acquiring "open gate" or anamorphic input material, a resolution based on the historical resolution of scanned Super 35mm film.[68] Streaming video[edit] YouTube, since 2010,[69] and Vimeo allow a maximum upload resolution of 4096 × 3072 pixels (12.6 megapixels, aspect ratio 4:3).[70][71] Vimeo's 4K content is currently limited to mostly nature documentaries and tech coverage.[72][73] High Efficiency Video Coding (H.265) should allow the streaming of content with a 4K resolution with a bandwidth of between 20 and 30 Mbit/s.[74] In January 2014, Naughty America launched the first adult video service streaming in 4K.[75][76] YouTube added support for up to 8K 7680×4320 video content in 2010, only to drop support for it shortly after, until June 2015 when it was re-added.[citation needed]


Recording[edit] See also: List of 4K video recording devices Sony Handycam FDR-AX1 The main advantage of recording video at the 4K standard is that fine spatial detail is resolved well.[77] If the final video quality is reduced to 2K from a 4K recording, more detail is apparent than would have been achieved from a 2K recording.[77] Increased fineness and contrast is then possible with output to DVD and Blu-ray.[78] Some cinematographers choose to record at 4K when using the Super 35 film format to offset any resolution loss which may occur during video processing.[79] With Axiom devices there is some open source hardware available that uses a 4K image sensor.[80][81][82]


See also[edit] Film portal Tv portal Computing portal 2K resolution 8K resolution Aspect ratio (image) Digital cinema Display resolution Rec. 2020: ITU definitions for various aspects of UHDTV


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External links[edit] This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. (November 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Articles[edit] What is Ultra HDTV?, Ultra HD TV  "3D TV is Dead, Long Live 4K", Forbes, Jan 10, 2013  Gurule, Donn, 4k and 8k Production Workflows Become More Mainstream, Light beam  What is the meaning of UHDTV and its difference to HDTV?, UHDMI  "Ultra high resolution television (UHDV) prototype", CD Freaks  "Just Like High-Definition TV, but With Higher Definition]", The New York Times, Jun 3, 2004  "Japan demonstrates next-gen TV Broadcast", Electronic Engineering Times . "Researchers craft HDTV's successor", PC World (magazine)  Sugawara, Masayuki (2008), Super Hi-Vision—research on a future ultra-HDTV system (PDF) (technical review), CH: EBU  Ball, Christopher Lee (Oct 2008), "Farewell to the Kingdom of Shadows: A filmmaker's first impression of Super Hi-Vision television", Musings  "Visual comparison of the different 4K resolutions", 4k TV  "Why Ultra HD 4K TVs are still stupid", 4k TV  Official sites of NHK[edit] Super Hi-Vision, JP: NHK . Science & Technical Research Laboratories, JP: NHK . Super Hi-Vision research (annual report), JP: NHK STRL, 2009 . Video[edit] "4K resolution video test sequences for Research", Ultra video, FI: TUT . v t e Digital video resolutions Designation Usage examples Definition (lines) Rate (Hz) Interlaced (fields) Progressive (frames) Low, MP@LL LDTV, VCD, HTV 240, 288 (SIF)   24, 30; 25 Standard, MP@ML SDTV, SVCD, DVD, DV 480 (NTSC), 576 (PAL) 60, 50 24, 30; 25 Enhanced, HMP@HML EDTV 480 (NTSC-HQ), 576   60, 50 High, MP@HL HDTV, BD, HD DVD, HDV 720   24, 30, 60; 25, 50 1080 25, 30 24, 50, 60 Ultra-high UHDTV 2160, 4320   60, 120,180 v t e High-definition (HD) Concepts High-definition television High-definition video Ultra-high-definition television Analog broadcast (All defunct) 819 line system HD MAC MUSE (Hi-Vision) Digital broadcast ATSC DMB-T/H DVB ISDB SBTVD Audio Dolby Digital Surround sound DSD DXD DTS Filming and storage DCI HDV HD media and compression Blu-ray CBHD D-VHS DVD-Audio H.264 H.265 HD DVD HD VMD MPEG-2 MVC Super Audio CD Ultra HD Blu-ray Uncompressed VC-1 Connectors Component DisplayPort DVI HDMI VGA Deployments List of digital television deployments by country v t e Broadcast video formats Television Analog 525 lines System M NTSC NTSC-J PAL-M 625 lines PAL System B System D System G System H System I System K PAL-N PALplus SECAM System B System D System G System K System L (SECAM-L) Audio BTSC (MTS) EIAJ NICAM SAP Sound-in-Syncs Zweikanalton (A2/IGR) Hidden signals Captioning CGMS-A EPG GCR PDC Teletext VBI VEIL VIT VITC WSS XDS Historical Pre-1940 Mechanical television 180-line 405-line System A 441-line 819-line MAC MUSE Digital Interlaced SDTV 480i 576i HDTV 1080i Progressive LDTV 1seg 240p 288p EDTV 480p 576p HDTV 720p 1080p UHDTV 2160p 4320p MPEG-2 standards ATSC DVB ISDB DTMB DVB 3D-TV MPEG-4 AVC standards ATSC A/72 DMB DTMB DVB SBTVD 1seg HEVC standards ATSC 3.0 Audio AC-3 (5.1) DTS MPEG-1 Audio Layer II MPEG Multichannel PCM LPCM AAC HE-AAC Hidden signals AFD Broadcast flag Captioning CPCM EPG Teletext Technical issues 14:9 compromise Broadcast-safe Digital cinema (DCI) Display motion blur Moving image formats MPEG transport stream Reverse Standards Conversion Standards conversion Television transmitter Video on demand Video processing Widescreen signaling Templates (Analogue TV Topics) v t e DSLR, SLT, and MILC cameras with HD video (comparison) Canon EOS High-end 5D Mark II 7D 1D Mark IV 1D X 5D Mark III 1D C 6D 7D Mark II 5Ds/5DsR 1D X Mark II 5D Mark IV 6D Mark II Mid-range 500D 60D 550D 600D 650D M 700D 70D M2 750D 760D M3 80D M5 800D 77D M6 200D Entry-level 1100D 100D 1200D M10 1300D M100 Nikon D / 1 series High-end D300S D3S D800 D4 D600 D610 D4S D810 D750 D810A D500 D5 D850 Mid-range D90 D5000 D7000 D5100 1 V1 1 V2 D5200 D7100 D5300 1 V3 D5500 D7200 D5600 D7500 Entry-level D3100 1 J1 D3200 1 J2 1 S1 1 J3 1 AW1 D3300 1 J4 1 J5 D3400 Olympus Micro 4/3 High-end PEN-F E-M1 Mark II Mid-range E-M5 E-P5 E-M1 E-M5 Mark II E-M10 E-M10 Mark II E-M10 Mark III Entry-level E-PL1 E-P1 E-P2 E-PL2 E-PL3 E-P3 E-PM1 E-PL5 E-PM2 E-PL7 E-PL8 E-PL9 Panasonic Lumix (Micro 4/3) High-end GH5 G9 PRO GH5S Mid-range GH1 GH2 GH3 GX7 GM1 GH4 Entry-level GF1 G10 G2 GF2 G3 GX1 GF3 GF5 G5 G6 Pentax 645 / K / Q series High-end 645D 645Z K-1 K-1 II Mid-range K-7 K-5 K-30 K-5 II K-50 K-3 K-3 II K-70 KP Entry-level K-x K-r Q K-01 Q10 K-500 Q7 Q-S1 Samsung NX series High-end NX1 Mid-range NX5 NX10 NX11 NX20 NX30 Galaxy NX NX500 Entry-level NX100 NX200 NX1000 NX210 NX300 NX1100 NX2000 Sony α High-end α99V α7 α7S α7II α7RII α7SII α99 II α9 α7RIII Mid-range α580 α560 α55V α77V NEX-7 NEX-6 α65V α57 α58 α6000 α77 II α6300 α6500 Entry-level NEX-3/NEX-3C NEX-5/NEX-5C α33 α35 NEX-5N NEX-C3 NEX-F3 α37 NEX-5R NEX-5T α3000 α5000 Fujifilm X / G High-end X-Pro2 X-T2 X-H1 GFX 50S Mid-range X-Pro1 X-E1 X-E2 X-T1 X-T10 X-T20 X-E3 Entry-level X-M1 X-A1 X-A2 X-A3 X-A10 X-A5 Leica High-end M S SL Hasselblad XCD / H High-end X1D-50c H6X H6D-50c H6D-100c Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=4K_resolution&oldid=826937653" Categories: Digital imagingFilm and video technologyHidden categories: CS1 German-language sources (de)Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014All articles containing potentially dated statementsArticles containing potentially dated statements from 2015Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from August 2017All articles needing rewriteAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2018Wikipedia external links cleanup from November 2017Wikipedia spam cleanup from November 2017


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Display ResolutionDigital TelevisionDigital CinematographyUltra-high-definition TelevisionMovie ProjectorDigital Cinema InitiativesTechnology Adoption Lifecycle1080pEnlargeUltra-high-definition Television16:91080p720pAspect RatioYouTubeEvan KosinerVideo On DemandCanadian Radio-Television And Telecommunications CommissionDigital Video BroadcastingUHD Phase AHigh-dynamic-range VideoHybrid Log-GammaPerceptual QuantizerRec. 2020Rec. 2100High Frame RateEnlargeDalsa OriginYouTubeVP9High Efficiency Video CodingGoogleHome CinemaSonyNetflixHouse Of Cards (U.S. TV Series)Breaking BadAmazon StudiosAmazon VideoUltra HD Blu-rayPlayStation 4 ProXbox One SXbox One XWikipedia:Manual Of StyleTalk:4K ResolutionEnlargePixel ShiftingDigital Video ProjectorVisual AcuityVideo Scaler8K ResolutionFlight SimulationBoeingJVCEpsonDirecTVBT Sport2015 FA Community ShieldH.264BT TowerBT TVBT InfinityQuebecVideotronRogers CableBell Fibe TVRogers CommunicationsSportsnetToronto Blue JaysNational Hockey LeagueThe Sports NetworkToronto RaptorsNBAToronto RaptorsOrlando MagicO2 Arena (London)LondonEngland2016 Toronto Blue Jays SeasonCTV TelevisionJuno Awards Of 2016UnivisionMexican National Football TeamSenegal National Football TeamMiamiCopa América CentenarioDirecTVCBS SportsMasters TournamentGolfDisplay Aspect RatioUltra-high-definition Television16:921:9 Aspect RatioDigital Cinema InitiativesNative ResolutionCinemaScopeArnoldscopeUltra High Definition TelevisionMegapixelAspect Ratio (image)Ultra High Definition Television8K Resolution1080pHDTV720pConsumer Electronics3D TelevisionHDMI 2.0Rec. 2020Digital Cinema InitiativesNative ResolutionDigital ProjectorComputer MonitorCropping (image)Motion Picture Film ScannerStorage Aspect RatioYouTubeVimeoHXGAHigh Efficiency Video CodingMbit/sNaughty AmericaWikipedia:Citation NeededList Of 4K Video Recording DevicesEnlargeContrast (vision)DVDBlu-raySuper 35Video ProcessingAXIOM (camera)Open Source HardwarePortal:FilmPortal:TvPortal:Computing2K Resolution8K ResolutionAspect Ratio (image)Digital CinemaDisplay ResolutionRec. 2020Karen GoulekasMorgan KaufmannInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780080520711IHS Inc.Business InsiderNeweggInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-61593019-1CNETCNETAbout.comTime, Inc.International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0240807022Adult Video NewsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-24080630-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-13605885-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-13606662-4Wikipedia:External LinksWikipedia:What Wikipedia Is NotWikipedia:External LinksWikipedia:Citing SourcesHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalThe New York TimesElectronic Engineering TimesPC World (magazine)Portable Document FormatSwitzerlandEBUJapanFinlandTemplate:TV ResolutionTemplate Talk:TV ResolutionDisplay ResolutionMPEG-2Low-definition TelevisionVideo CDMobile TelevisionSource Input FormatLow-definition TelevisionStandard-definition TelevisionSuper Video CDDVDDVNTSCPAL480i576i480p576pEnhanced-definition Television480p576pHigh-definition TelevisionBlu-rayHD DVDHDV720p1080i1080pUltra-high-definition TelevisionUltra-high-definition TelevisionTemplate:High-definitionTemplate Talk:High-definitionHigh-definition TelevisionHigh-definition VideoUltra-high-definition TelevisionAnalog High-definition Television SystemAnalog High-definition Television SystemMultiplexed Analogue ComponentsMultiple Sub-Nyquist Sampling EncodingATSC StandardsDigital Terrestrial Multimedia BroadcastDigital Video BroadcastingISDBISDB-T InternationalDolby DigitalSurround SoundDirect Stream DigitalDigital EXtreme DefinitionDTS (sound System)Digital Cinema InitiativesHDVHigh-definition Pre-recorded Media And CompressionBlu-rayChina Blue High-definition DiscD-VHSDVD-AudioH.264/MPEG-4 AVCHigh Efficiency Video CodingHD DVDVersatile Multilayer DiscMPEG-2Multiview Video CodingSuper Audio CDUltra HD Blu-rayUncompressed VideoVC-1Component VideoDisplayPortDigital Visual InterfaceHDMIVGA ConnectorList Of Digital Television Deployments By CountryTemplate:Video FormatsTemplate Talk:Video FormatsVideoAnalog TelevisionVideoCCIR System MNTSCNTSC-JPAL-MPALCCIR System BCCIR System GCCIR System HCCIR System IPAL-NPALplusSECAMCCIR System BCCIR System GAudio SignalMultichannel Television SoundEIAJ MTSNICAMSecond Audio ProgramSound-in-SyncsZweikanaltonClosed CaptioningCGMS-AElectronic Program GuideGhost-canceling ReferenceProgramme Delivery ControlTeletextVertical Blanking IntervalVideo Encoded Invisible LightVIT SignalsVertical Interval TimecodeWidescreen SignalingExtended Data ServicesTelevision Systems Before 1940Mechanical Television180-line Television System405-line Television SystemCCIR System A441-line Television SystemAnalog High-definition Television SystemMultiplexed Analogue ComponentsMultiple Sub-Nyquist Sampling EncodingDigital TelevisionInterlaced VideoStandard-definition Television480i576iHigh-definition Television1080iProgressive ScanLow-definition Television1segLow-definition TelevisionLow-definition TelevisionEnhanced-definition Television480p576pHigh-definition Television720p1080pUltra-high-definition Television2160p4320pMPEG-2ATSC StandardsDigital Video BroadcastingISDBDigital Terrestrial Multimedia BroadcastDVB 3D-TVH.264/MPEG-4 AVCATSC StandardsDigital Multimedia BroadcastingDigital Terrestrial Multimedia BroadcastDigital Video BroadcastingISDB-T International1segHigh Efficiency Video CodingATSC 3.0Surround SoundDolby DigitalSurround SoundDTS (sound System)MPEG-1 Audio Layer IIMPEG MultichannelPulse-code ModulationLinear Pulse-code ModulationAdvanced Audio CodingHigh-Efficiency Advanced Audio CodingActive Format DescriptionBroadcast FlagClosed CaptioningDVB-CPCMElectronic Program GuideTeletext14:9Broadcast-safeDigital CinemaDigital Cinema InitiativeDisplay Motion BlurMoving Image FormatsMPEG Transport StreamReverse Standards ConversionTelevision Standards ConversionTelevision TransmitterVideo On DemandVideo ProcessingWidescreen SignalingTemplate:Analogue TV Transmitter TopicsTemplate:DSLR Cameras With Movie ModeTemplate Talk:DSLR Cameras With Movie ModeComparison Of Digital SLRsCanon (company)Canon EOSCanon EOS 5D Mark IICanon EOS 7DCanon EOS-1D Mark IVCanon EOS-1D XCanon EOS 5D Mark IIICanon EOS-1D CCanon EOS 6DCanon EOS 7D Mark IICanon EOS 5DSCanon EOS-1D X Mark IICanon EOS 5D Mark IVCanon EOS 6D Mark IICanon EOS 500DCanon EOS 60DCanon EOS 550DCanon EOS 600DCanon EOS 650DCanon EOS MCanon EOS 700DCanon EOS 70DCanon EOS M2Canon EOS 750DCanon EOS 760DCanon EOS M3Canon EOS 80DCanon EOS M5Canon EOS 800DCanon EOS 77DCanon EOS M6Canon EOS 200DCanon EOS 1100DCanon EOS 100DCanon EOS 1200DCanon EOS M10Canon EOS 1300DCanon EOS M100NikonNikonNikon 1 SeriesNikon D300SNikon D3SNikon D800Nikon D4Nikon D600Nikon D600Nikon D4SNikon D810Nikon D750Nikon D810Nikon D500Nikon D5Nikon D850Nikon D90Nikon D5000Nikon D7000Nikon D5100Nikon 1 V1Nikon 1 V2Nikon D5200Nikon D7100Nikon D5300Nikon 1 V3Nikon D5500Nikon D7200Nikon D5600Nikon D7500Nikon D3100Nikon 1 J1Nikon D3200Nikon 1 J2Nikon 1 S1Nikon 1 J3Nikon 1 AW1Nikon D3300Nikon 1 J4Nikon 1 J5Nikon D3400Olympus CorporationMicro Four Thirds SystemOlympus PEN-FOlympus OM-D E-M5Olympus PEN E-P5Olympus OM-D E-M1Olympus OM-D E-M5 Mark IIOlympus OM-D E-M10Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark IIOlympus PEN E-PL1Olympus PEN E-P1Olympus PEN E-P2Olympus PEN E-PL2Olympus PEN E-PL3Olympus PEN E-P3Olympus PEN E-PM1Olympus PEN E-PL5Olympus PEN E-PM2Olympus PEN E-PL7PanasonicLumixPanasonic Lumix DC-GH5Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5SPanasonic Lumix DMC-GH1Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH2Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX7Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM1Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF1Panasonic Lumix DMC-G10Panasonic Lumix DMC-G2Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF2Panasonic Lumix DMC-G3Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX1Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF3Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF5Panasonic Lumix DMC-G5Panasonic Lumix DMC-G6Pentax CamerasPentax 645Pentax CamerasPentax Q SeriesPentax 645DPentax 645Pentax K-1Pentax K-1Pentax K-7Pentax K-5Pentax K-30Pentax K-5 IIPentax K-50Pentax K-3Pentax K-3 IIPentax K-70Pentax KPPentax K-xPentax K-rPentax QPentax K-01Pentax Q10Pentax K-500Pentax Q7Pentax Q-S1Samsung ElectronicsSamsung NX SeriesSamsung NX1Samsung NX5Samsung NX10Samsung NX11Samsung NX20Samsung NX30Samsung Galaxy NXSamsung NX500Samsung NX100Samsung NX200Samsung NX1000Samsung NX300Samsung NX1100Samsung NX2000Sony αSony α99Sony α7Sony α7SSony α7 IISony α7R IISony A7S IISony α99 IISony α9Sony α7R IIISony Alpha 580Sony Alpha 55Sony Alpha 77Sony NEX-7Sony NEX-6Sony Alpha 65Sony Alpha 57Sony Alpha 58Sony α6000Sony α77 IISony α6300Sony α6500Sony NEX-3Sony NEX-5Sony Alpha 33Sony NEX-5NSony NEX-C3Sony NEX-F3Sony Alpha 37Sony NEX-5RSony NEX-5TSony α3000Sony α5000FujifilmFujifilm X-seriesFujifilmFujifilm X-Pro2Fujifilm X-T2Fujifilm X-H1Fujifilm GFX 50SFujifilm X-Pro1Fujifilm X-E1Fujifilm X-E2Fujifilm X-T1Fujifilm X-T10Fujifilm X-T20Fujifilm X-E3Fujifilm X-M1Fujifilm X-A1Fujifilm X-A2Fujifilm X-A3Leica CameraLeica M (camera)Leica CameraLeica SL (Typ 601)HasselbladHasselbladHasselbladHasselbladHasselbladHasselbladHasselbladHelp:CategoryCategory:Digital ImagingCategory:Film And Video TechnologyCategory:CS1 German-language Sources (de)Category:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2014Category:All Articles Containing Potentially Dated StatementsCategory:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2015Category:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2013Category:Wikipedia Articles Needing Rewrite From August 2017Category:All Articles Needing RewriteCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2018Category:Wikipedia External Links Cleanup From November 2017Category:Wikipedia Spam Cleanup From November 2017Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page 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