Contents 1 Second World War service 1.1 First Formation 1.2 Second formation 2 Cold War service 3 Russian Federation service 4 References 5 Sources

Second World War service[edit] First Formation[edit] It was attached to the Kiev Special Military District/Soviet Southwestern Front at the outbreak of World War II, as part of the 15th Rifle Corps, 5th Army. Under Colonel V.P. Solokov, it was earmarked to defend the mid-Volga River islands behind the hard-pressed 62nd Army on 7 October 1942. However it was deployed in the Battle of Stalingrad proper on 26 October 1942, being ferried over from the east to the west bank of the Volga River to take up positions between the Red October and the Barrikady factories.[1] On 1 January 1943 the division was re-designated the 74th Guards Rifle Division. Second formation[edit] The division was re-formed on 5 May 1943 in the Kareliya territory from the 67th Naval Rifle Brigade of the Karelian Front, on defensive boundaries at Loukhi Stations of the Kirov railway. After its formation the division was concentrated towards Kestenga (Kiestinki), and from 6 May until 19 August 1943 was retained in the reserve of the 31st Rifle Corps in defensive positions. The division's first combat was on 9 August 1943 with the 61st Rifle Regiment and 85th Naval Rifle Brigade were supported by the 178th Artillery Regiment. On 20 August 1943 the division replaced the 85th Motor Rifle Brigade and 205th Rifle Division in the first echelon, and on 7 September 1943 conducted defensive operations against the Nazi 7th Infantry Division and 6th SS Mountain Division Nord. On 8 September 1944 the division had gone over to the offensive and on 10 September seized the Kestenga settlement. It was later relocated in the Kandalaksha direction to the area of Nyamozero Station. From 24 September till 28 September 1944, the 45th Rifle Division attacked the settlement of Alakurtti. By 3 October 1944 the division had been relocated in the Murmansk direction and was a part of the army operations group, having the task to attack an auxiliary direction as part of the 14th Army. On 10 October 1944, 45th Rifle Division had broken through defense of its opponent on the Zapadnaya Litsa River near the Lake Chapr area. On 13 October 1944 the division joined 131st Rifle Corps (probably part of 14th Army) and on October 15 in cooperation with elements of 131st Rifle Corps seized Petsamo (as part of the Petsamo-Kirkenes Operation). From 16 October until 25 October 1944 it conducted operations for seizing the village of Tornet and the Norwegian city of Kirkenes. On 25 October 1944 the 61st Rifle Regiment and the 253rd Rifle Regiment of the division helped seize the port and city of Kirkenes. On 1 November 1944 it was part of 131st Rifle Corps (with 14th and 368th Rifle Divisions) as part of 14th Army, Karelian Front. For actions on clearing Pechenga (Petsamo) the divisional staff was thanked officially by the Supreme Commander in Chief Joseph Stalin, and the division was given the honourable name "Pechenga". For taking Kirkenes, the staffs of the 61st Rifle Regiment and 253rd Rifle Regiment were given the honorary name "Kirkenes". On 6 January 1945 for valour and courage in combat with fascist aggressors the 61st Rifle Regiment of the division was awarded the Military Order of the Red Banner. On 27 September 1945 parts of the division, following a decision of the Soviet government were withdrawn from Norway and billeted in Murmansk and the Pechenga area.

Cold War service[edit] In 1957 the division was renamed the 131st Pechenga Motor-Rifle Division. In 1968, in days of celebrating the 25 anniversary of its second formation, the division was awarded the Order of Kutuzov, 2nd class.

Russian Federation service[edit] On 1 December 1997 the 131st MRD was reorganised as the 200th Pechenga Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade. The division, as the 200th Brigade, has been based for many years at Pechenga in Murmansk Oblast. However, Michael Holm lists the reorganisation date as June 1997.[2]

References[edit] ^ pp. 420, 443, John Erickson (historian), The Road to Stalingrad, Cassel Military Paperbacks, 2003 ^ Michael Holm,

Sources[edit] Machine translated from Russian official site V.I. Feskov et al. 2004, Lenskii et al. (200th Pechenga Independent Motor Rifle Brigade, Pechenga, Murmansk Oblast) – Google Earth link Divisions of the Soviet Union 1957–1989 Airborne divisions 7th Guards 31st Guards 44th Training Airborne Division 76th Guards 98th Guards 103rd Guards 104th Guards 105th Guards 106th Guards 107th Guards 242nd Training Centre Artillery divisions Artillery Divisions 2nd 15th Guards 20th Training 26th 34th 51st Guards 55th 81st 110th Guards 149th Aviation divisions 1st 12th 16th 22nd 36th 55th 95th 326th Motor Rifle 1st Guards 2nd Guards 3rd Guards 4th Guards 4th 5th Guards 6th Guards 8th Guards 9th Guards 9th 10th Guards 11th Guards 12th 13th 14th Guards 15th Guards 16th Guards 17th Guards 18th Guards 18th 19th 20th Guards 21st Guards 22nd 23rd Guards 24th 25th Guards 26th Guards 27th Guards 27th 28th Guards 29th Guards 30th Guards 31st Guards 32nd 33rd Guards 33rd 34th Guards 35th Guards 36th Guards 37th Guards 38th Guards 39th Guards 40th 41st 42nd 42nd Guards 43rd 44th 45th Guards 46th 47th 47th Guards 48th Guards 48th 49th 50th Guards 51st Guards 52nd 53rd Guards 54th 55th Guards 56th 57th Guards 58th 59th Guards 60th 61st 62nd Guards 62nd 63rd Guards 64th Guards 65th 66th Guards 67th 68th 69th 70th Guards 71st 72nd Guards 73rd 74th 75th 77th Guards 78th 79th 80th 81st Guards 82nd 83rd Guards 84th 85th 86th Guards 87th Guards 88th 89th 90th Guards 91st 92nd Guards 92nd 93rd Guards 93rd 94th Guards 95th 96th 97th Guards 99th 100th 101st 102nd 108th 109th Guards 110th 111th 112th Guards 113th Guards 114th Guards 114th 115th Guards 116th 117th 118th 119th 120th Guards 121st 122nd Guards 123rd Guards 124th 125th 126th 127th 128th Guards 129th 130th 131st 134th 144th Guards 145th 146th 147th 148th 149th 150th 152nd 157th 164th 180th 192nd 197th 198th 199th 201st 203rd 207th 213th 216th 242nd 245th 254th 265th 266th 270th 272nd 295th Rocket divisions (ballistic missiles) 7th 28th 35th 42nd 46th 54th 62nd Tank divisions 2nd Guards 3rd Guards 4th Guards 5th Guards 6th Guards 7th Guards 8th Guards 9th 9th Guards 10th Guards 11th 11th Guards 12th Guards 16th Guards 17th Guards 19th Guards 21st Guards 22nd Guards 30th Guards 32nd Guards 34th 36th 37th Guards 40th Guards 41st Guards 42nd Guards 44th Tank Training 75th Guards 78th 79th Guards 90th Guards 193rd Other Latvian Riflemen Soviet Divisions OMSDON Retrieved from "" Categories: Infantry divisions of the Soviet Union in World War IIMilitary units and formations established in 1919Military units and formations disestablished in 1957Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from December 2012All articles needing additional references

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